A FRMP is an air carrier’s management plan outlining policies and procedures for reducing the risks of fatigue and improving alertness.
The FRMP policies and procedures should focus on the air carrier’s specific kind and type of operation.
An FRMS is an optional approach to prescriptive regulations. A certificate holder seeking to exceed a limitation in part 117 or in 14 CFR part 121 subparts Q, R, or S, would do so under an FAA authorization. An FRMS is largely developed as an alternative method of compliance (AMOC) to prescriptive limitations based upon objective performance standards. A certificate holder may be authorized to apply an FRMS to any part or all of its operation, provided that the certificate holder demonstrates an effective AMOC that meets or exceeds the safety standards afforded by the prescriptive limitations. Unlike a Fatigue Risk Management Plan (FRMP) that is required for each certificate holder conducting operations under part 121, the FRMS is an AMOC to prescriptive limitations that the certificate holder may implement for fatigue management and mitigation.
The Fatigue Risk Management participants are usually members of the Safety Committee that work directly with the company to monitor pilot alertness, mitigate performance errors, and improve pilot recovery with respect to fatigue. They collect and analyze data to contribute to the company and union’s shared interest in ensuring safe flight operations and to make recommendations for improvement of the Fatigue Risk Management Plan or System.